WASHINGTON - Consumer prices increased at a modest pace in February, underscoring that inflation pressures appear to be muted for now.
The consumer price index increased 0.2 per cent last month, after a sharp 0.5 per cent gain in January, the Labor Department said Tuesday. Core prices — which exclude the volatile food and energy categories — also climbed 0.2 per cent. Overall consumer prices rose 2.2 per cent in February from a year earlier, while core prices rose 1.8 per cent from a year ago for the third straight month.
Inflation fears have intensified this year after a report last month suggested wages were rising more quickly, which can push up prices. Subsequent data have shown that hourly pay gains remain moderate. Sluggish pay increases have helped keep inflation dormant for most of the past decade.
Still, Tuesday's report suggests that inflation is slowly moving toward the Federal Reserve's 2 per cent target. Core prices have risen at a 3.1 per cent annual rate in the past three months, according to Capital Economics, the largest increase nine years.
And core inflation will likely jump next month because a sharp drop in the cost of cellphone services last year will fall out of the year-over-year data. Ian Shepherdson, chief economist at Pantheon Macroeconomics, estimates that could raise core price inflation to 2.1 per cent in March from a year earlier.
The Federal Reserve wants to see inflation at roughly a 2 per cent pace, as a hedge against deflation, which can bring down wages as well as prices. But the Fed's preferred inflation gauge has been almost entirely below that target for the past six years.
Clothing prices rose sharply for the second straight month in February, and rents, car insurance and airline fares also increased.
Yet prices are falling for new and used cars. The decline comes after prices for new and used cars jumped last fall as residents of Texas and Florida replaced cars destroyed by hurricanes.
Next week, the Fed is widely expected to raise short-term interest rates for the sixth time since late 2015, when it started lifting rates from nearly zero. Fed policymakers have signalled they will hike rates three times this year.
Some investors and economists are forecasting the Fed may raise rates a fourth time if economic growth appears to be accelerating more quickly than Fed policymakers expected.
Last week's jobs report, which showed that employers added 313,000 jobs, the most in 1 1/2 years, indicated that such an acceleration may be happening.
"Overall, this report seals another interest rate hike from the Fed at next week's meeting and we continue to expect four hikes in total this year," Paul Ashworth, chief economist at Capital Economics, said.
Still, there were plenty of signs in the jobs report that inflation may remain tame. Hourly pay rose a modest 2.6 per cent in February from a year earlier, down from a 2.8 per cent gain the previous month. January's increase was also revised lower from 2.9 per cent. It was the 2.9 per cent figure that sent the stock market tumbling in early February over inflation fears.
The unemployment rate also remained 4.1 per cent for the fourth month as nearly a million people flooded into the job market and most of them found jobs. They previously were on the sidelines, neither working nor looking for work. More people in the job market enables employers to fill jobs without necessarily having to boost pay, reducing inflation pressures.