PARIS - France is tapping into the business of culture to develop agreements with Saudi Arabia and profit from the heir to the throne's goal of modernizing the conservative kingdom, which will be represented at the Cannes Film Festival for the first time next month.
Saudi Arabia and France signed a series of accords Monday, following a private dinner French President Emmanuel Macron hosted the night before for Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman at the Louvre museum.
The co-operation accords cover cultural and artistic exchanges that include training for Saudi filmmakers and plans for the National Opera of Paris to help the Saudis create a national orchestra, the French Culture Ministry said.
France also hopes to work with Saudi Arabia in areas such as technology, renewable energy, health and tourism, an official with Macron's office said.
No major defence contracts are to be signed during Prince Mohammed's first official visit to France despite France's historic role as an arms supplier.
However, fighting terrorism and terror financing were likely discussed during a meeting Monday with French Defence Minister Florence Parly. Saudi ministers are to be present at an April 26 conference on fighting terrorism financing to be hosted by France, Macron's office said.
It was unclear whether Macron would broach human rights issues, as groups decrying the Saudi-led coalition's airstrikes in Yemen to fight Iran-backed Houthi rebels urged the French president to do.
Ten human rights organizations have asked Macron to demand that Saudi Arabia end the airstrikes and lift a blockade aggravating the humanitarian crisis in Yemen.
The 32-year-old crown prince has worked at breakneck speed to remake the austere image of Saudi Arabia through moves such as giving women the right to drive and plans to open movie theatres.
During his trip to France, he has been elusive, breaking the protocol of official visits with agendas usually announced in advance.
One of the few items penciled in on the agenda — a visit to Europe's biggest startup incubator, Station F, with French Prime Minister Edouard Philippe — was scratched hours before it was to take place.
Instead, the prime minister talked with the crown prince at his offices, joined by France's foreign minister, French intellectuals and others.
The visit to France contrasts with Mohammed's three-week tour of the United States that concluded with more than $2.3 billion in promised arms sales and $1.3 billion in artillery. He visited Britain ahead of going to the U.S.
In a major sign of Saudi Arabia's plan to rebrand itself, the kingdom will be present for the first time at the Cannes Film Festival May 8-19.
The General Culture Authority quoted Saudi Culture Minister Awwad Alawwad saying the kingdom wants to utilize its "rich tradition of storytelling" to develop a film industry and provide locations for foreign filmmakers.
The crown prince's visit ends Tuesday with a formal dinner with Macron, preceded by talks and a joint declaration.
Sylvie Corbet in Paris contributed.