WASHINGTON - Hillary Clinton calls the scourge of heroin and opioid addiction a "quiet epidemic." Donald Trump marvels that overdoses are a problem in picturesque American communities.
"How does heroin work with these beautiful lakes and trees?" he said recently in New Hampshire. "It doesn't."
Both presidential candidates agree drug addiction is a major problem in America, but only Clinton has offered a detailed plan to tackle it as part of her campaign. The Democratic nominee has outlined a $10 billion plan to give states more money for prevention, treatment and recovery programs. Trump, meanwhile, says the border wall he plans to build along the U.S. boundary with Mexico will stop the flow of illegal drugs.
Heroin and opioid addiction is at a nationwide peak — the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports 78 Americans die from a drug overdose every day. It's particularly felt in states such as Ohio and New Hampshire, frequent stops on the presidential campaign trail, where overdoses from heroin and other drugs, like the powerful synthetic fentanyl, have skyrocketed in recent years.
Here's a summary of the two candidates' proposals.
CLINTON: Her $10 billion proposal calls for boosting federal spending in five areas: prevention, treatment and recovery, first responders, prescribers and criminal justice reform. Over 10 years, Clinton calls for sending $7.5 billion to states, which could receive up to $4 in federal dollars for every $1 of state money they spend on the problem. States would need to show concrete proposals in one of the five areas to receive the money. The remaining $2.5 million would go toward the federal Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block Grant program.
TRUMP: Trump has not proposed any specific spending.
STOPPING THE SUPPLY
CLINTON: Clinton's $10 billion plan does not include drug enforcement efforts aimed at stopping drugs from entering the U.S.
TRUMP: Trump's statements on the drug crisis focus on stopping the flow of drugs into the United States. He's said the wall he plans to build on the country's southern border, a key piece of his immigration plan, will keep drugs out. The Drug Enforcement Administration says 79 per cent of the heroin it analyzed in 2014 came from Mexico. "We're going to build that wall and we're going to stop that heroin from pouring in and we're going to stop the poison of the youth," Trump said Sept. 29 in Bedford, New Hampshire.
PREVENTION, TREATMENT AND RECOVERY
CLINTON: Clinton's plan is focused on boosting access to treatment and recovery programs. State efforts could include building more beds in hospitals and residential treatment facilities, training more health care providers and recovery coaches, subsidizing child care for people in treatment and enforcing parity laws that require insurance companies to cover substance abuse treatment.
Clinton also wants to promote greater use of medically assisted treatment, which can halt drug cravings and create adverse reactions to taking drugs. The Democrat would push for stricter prescribing laws and requiring states to use prescription drug monitoring systems to prevent doctor shopping. Developing an addiction to painkillers is a frequent path toward using heroin or other opioids.
Clinton would also boost evidence-based prevention programs in schools and make naloxone, the overdose reversal drug, more widely available. Some states have already made naloxone available over the counter so family members and friends of addicts can purchase it. She's also stressed a need to improve and integrate mental health and substance abuse care, as the two often occur together.
TRUMP: He has not laid out any specific plans on treatment and recovery, only saying "we're going to work on those people that got addicted and are addicted." His campaign did not respond to a request to provide more details on what policies Trump would pursue.
CRIMINAL JUSTICE REFORM
CLINTON: Clinton says she will ask her attorney general to issue guidance telling states to prioritize treatment over incarceration for low-level offenders. She supports drug court programs that many states have created. She says she'll also push states to consider alternatives to incarceration for low-level offenders, such as going through drug court programs that focus on treatment.
TRUMP: Trump has not offered any specific policy on low-level or non-violent drug offenders.
EDITOR'S NOTE _ One in an AP series examining the policy prescriptions offered by the major candidates for president.