NEW YORK - Farmers, lumberjacks and fishermen have the highest suicide rate in the U.S., while librarians and educators have the lowest, according to a large study that found enormous differences across occupations.
The study didn't explore the reasons behind the differences, but researchers found the highest suicide rates in manual labourers who work in isolation and face unsteady employment. High rates were also seen in carpenters, miners, electricians and people who work in construction. Mechanics were close behind.
Dentists, doctors and other health care professionals had an 80 per cent lower suicide rate than the farmers, fishermen and lumberjacks.
Thursday's report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is perhaps the largest U.S. study to compare suicide rates among occupations. But it is not comprehensive. It only covers 17 states, looking at about 12,300 of the more than 40,000 suicide deaths reported in the entire nation in 2012.
Because of the limited data, they could only calculate suicide rates for broad occupation categories, but not for specific jobs. The categories, which sometimes seem to group professions that have little to do with each other, like athletes and artists, are based on federal classifications used for collecting jobs-related data.
So it's not clear what the suicide rate is just for farmers. Or for mathematicians. Or journalists.
Suicide is the nation's 10th leading cause of death. Public attention often focuses on teens and college students, but the highest numbers and rates are in middle-aged adults. Suicide is far more common in males, and the rankings largely reflect the male suicide rates for each group.
The highest female suicide rate was seen in the category that includes police, firefighters and corrections officers. The second highest rate for women was in the legal profession.
It's not the first time a suicide problem has been noted for some of the jobs. In the 1980s, media reports detailed high suicide rates in Midwestern farmers. That was attributed to a tough economy and farmers use of pesticides that scientists have theorized may cause symptoms of depression.
The CDC's occupational suicide list:
1. Farmworkers, fishermen, lumberjacks, others in forestry or agriculture; 85 per 100,000.
2. Carpenters, miners, electricians, construction trades; 53.
3. Mechanics and those who do installation, maintenance, repair; 48.
4. Factory and production workers; 35.
5. Architects, engineers; 32
6. Police, firefighters, corrections workers, others in protective services; 31.
7. Artists, designers, entertainers, athletes, media; 24.
8. Computer programmers, mathematicians, statisticians; 23.
9. Transportation workers; 22
10. Corporate executives and managers, advertising and public relations; 20
11. Lawyers and workers in legal system; 19
12. Doctors, dentists, and other health care professionals; 19
13. Scientists and lab technicians; 17
14. Accountants, others in business, financial operations; 16
15. Nursing, medical assistants, health care support; 15
16. Clergy, social workers, other social service workers; 14
17. Real estate agents, telemarketers, sales; 13
18. Building and ground, cleaning, maintenance; 13
19. Cooks, food service workers; 13
20. Childcare workers, barbers, animal trainers, personal care and service; 8
21. Office workers, administrative support; 8
22. Education, training, librarians; 8