VANCOUVER - The Mountie overseeing the investigation into the murders and disappearances of women and girls along British Columbia's so-called Highway of Tears says his officers have a number of "strong suspects," but they have yet to uncover enough evidence to lay charges nearly two years after the last major break in the case.
Staff-Sgt. Wayne Clary leads project E-PANA, which has spent years investigating the deaths and disappearances of 18 women and girls along three highways in the province's north.
Roughly 60 officers were assigned to the case at the height of the investigation, though Clary said that number has dropped to between 12 and 15, who spend most of their time on the project. Still, he said E-PANA is very much an active investigation.
"It has scaled down, because we've pounded through a lot of work, but there's still enough work in front of us to keep going," Clary told The Canadian Press.
"There's more than one investigation where we have strong suspects or persons of interest, and we're clearly focusing on those. ... I'd like nothing more than to sit down with the families and say, 'We've got the guy.'"
Clary declined to offer details about how many suspects the RCMP have identified or in which specific cases, though he said the suspects they have in mind are located in Canada.
The last significant development came in September 2012, when investigators said they believed a dead American convict named Bobby Jack Fowler was responsible for killing as many as three of the women.
The RCMP said investigators had uncovered DNA evidence linking Fowler, who died in an Oregon prison in 2006, to Colleen MacMillen, who was murdered in 1974. They also said they believed Fowler may have been involved in the deaths of Gale Weys and Pamela Darlington, both 19, who were killed in the mid-1970s.
Clary said the force doesn't have the same kind of direct evidence tying Fowler to Weys and Darlington, but he added: "Personally, I think it's him in the other two."
Clary said E-PANA hasn't come up with evidence to suggest any of the other women and girls were linked together, meaning there could be 15 different suspects for the 15 remaining cases.
"If we have a strong suspect, absolutely we're looking for crossed lines, but right now we're not seeing that," he said.
E-PANA was launched in 2005 amid growing concern about the number of women and girls who vanished or were found dead along highways in the province's north. It also came several years after serial killer Robert Pickton was arrested in the Vancouver area — a case that Clary worked on as part of Project Evenhanded.
The Highway of Tears often refers to a remote stretch of Highway 16 between Prince Rupert and Prince George, but E-PANA also includes cases along the adjacent Highways 97 and 5.
Investigators identified 18 women and girls who were involved in hitchhiking or other high-risk behaviour and were last seen within a couple of kilometres of those highways. The final list included cases between 1969 and 2006.
Investigators once held annual group meetings, but Clary said they now contact each family individually, either in person or by telephone. Some families have asked not to be contacted unless there is a new development, he said.
Matilda Wilson, whose daughter Ramona is counted among the victims, said the RCMP have dramatically improved their relationship with the families, some of whom complained that their cases weren't taken seriously enough when they were first reported.
Ramona, 16, was last seen alive in June 1994, when she was believed to be hitchhiking. Her body was found 10 months later.
"It's a 20-year-old case and nothing has come up," Wilson said in an interview.
"I can understand where the investigators are coming from, because her body had been laying there for 10 months and there was rain and sleet and snow."
Wilson also praised the RCMP — and Clary in particular — for keeping her and her family informed. The family holds an annual march in Ramona's honour, which Clary attended earlier this month.
Wilson said she remains hopeful her daughter's killer will be caught.
"There have been cold cases solved after 40 or 50 years and there's always something that technology can bring in," she said.
A LIST OF THE VICTIMS ALONG B.C.'S HIGHWAY OF TEARS
VANCOUVER - A list of the 18 women and girls whose deaths and disappearances are part of the RCMP's investigation of the Highway of Tears in British Columbia. They were either found or last seen near Highways 16, 97 or 5:
— Aielah Saric Auger, 14, of Prince George was last seen by her family on Feb. 2, 2006, and her body was found eight days later in a ditch along Highway 16, east of Prince George.
— Tamara Chipman, 22, of Prince Rupert was last seen on Sept. 21, 2006, hitchhiking along Highway 16 near Prince Rupert.
— Nicole Hoar, 25, was from Alberta and was working in the Prince George area as a tree planter. She was last seen hitchhiking to Smithers on Highway 16 on June 21, 2002.
— Lana Derrick, 19, was last seen in October 1995 at a gas station near Terrace. She was a student at Northwest Community College in Terrace.
— Alishia Germaine, 15, of Prince George was found murdered on Dec. 9, 1994.
— Roxanne Thiara, 15, of Quesnel was found dead in August 1994 just off Highway 16 near Burns Lake.
— Ramona Wilson, 16, of Smithers was last seen alive in June 1994 when she was believed be hitchhiking. Her body was found 10 months later.
— Delphine Nikal, 16, of Smithers was last seen in June 1990, when she was hitchhiking from Smithers to her home in Telkwa.
— Alberta Williams, 24, disappeared in August 1989 and her body was found several weeks later near Prince Rupert.
— Shelley-Anne Bascu of Hinton, Alta., was last seen in 1983.
— Maureen Mosie of Kamloops was found dead in May 1981.
— Monica Jack, 12, is the youngest victim. She disappeared in May 1978 while riding her bike near Merritt. Her remains were found in 1996.
— Monica Ignas, 15, was last seen alive in December 1974 and her remains were found five months later.
— Colleen MacMillen, 16 was last seen alive in August 1974, when she left her family home in Lac La Hache, B.C., with a plan to hitchhike to visit a friend. Her remains were found the following month. In October 2012, the RCMP announced DNA evidence led them to believe Bobby Jack Fowler, who died in an Oregon jail in 2006, killed MacMillen.
— Pamela Darlington, 19, of Kamloops was found murdered in a park November of 1973. The RCMP say they suspect Bobby Jack Fowler was responsible for Darlington's disappearance, but they don't have conclusive proof.
— Gale Weys of Clearwater was last seen hitchhiking in October 1973 and her remains were found in April of the following year. The RCMP say Bobby Jack Fowler is also suspected in her death.
— Micheline Pare of Hudson Hope was found dead in 1970.
— Gloria Moody of Williams Lake area was found dead in October 1969.
SOURCES: The Canadian Press, Highway of Tears Symposium