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Scientists unearth the biggest dinosaur ever, possibly

In this January 2014 photo released on Saturday, May 17, 2014 by the Museo Paletontológico Egidio Feruglio, Spanish paleontologist Jose Ignacio Canudo lies alongside a sauropod dinosaur femur, believed to be the largest in the world, in Trelew, Argentina.
Image Credit: AP / Museo Paletontologico Egidio Feruglio
May 20, 2014 - 5:02 AM

BUENOS AIRES, Argentina - Scientists have uncovered huge bones in Argentina that could be from the largest dinosaur yet found, a kind of titanosaur that munched tree tops more than 90 million years ago.

Outside experts agree they're from a previously undiscovered species of sauropod at least as big as the Argentinosaurus, whose towering legs and long neck and tail arguably set the record for size.

But what's known about Argentinosaurus anatomy is mostly based on an incomplete thigh-bone found in 1991, also in Argentina's fossil-rich Patagonia region. This time, paleontologists think they'll be able to unearth a much more complete fossil.

Already, the complete thigh bone they've uncovered is at 7.9 feet (2.4 metres) the longest of any vertebrate yet found, said paleontologist Jose Luis Carballido, who is leading the research team. He estimates that the beast reached 66 feet (20 metres) tall, 132 feet (40 metres) long and weighed the equivalent of 14 or 15 adult African elephants.

Carballido said a volumetric estimate based on the femur and humerus they've uncovered suggests the animal weighed around 176,000 pounds.

The bones were spotted years ago by a worker at a ranch outside the town of Las Plumas, in Patagonia's Rio Chubut valley, and Carballido's team from the Egidio Feruglio dinosaur museum in Trelew began digging in January 2013.

"What they discovered is a cemetery of dinosaurs the likes of which we had never seen in the history of Argentine paleontology," said the museum's director, Ruben Cuneo. Along with this titanosaur, they have already found the fossils of seven other dinosaurs, and have only uncovered an estimated 20 per cent of the find. For now, the rest have been covered with plaster to protect them from the southern winter, and excavations will resume in the spring.

"Given the length and magnitude this animal will bring along when it's reconstructed, there won't be a building that can contain it. I think we're going to need a new home," Cuneo said.

This photo released on Saturday, May 17, 2014 shows a team of paleontologists working at the site where the bones of a sauropod dinosaur were unearthed, near Trelew, Argentina.
This photo released on Saturday, May 17, 2014 shows a team of paleontologists working at the site where the bones of a sauropod dinosaur were unearthed, near Trelew, Argentina.
Image Credit: AP/Museo Paletontologico Egidio Feruglio

News from © The Associated Press, 2014
The Associated Press

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